Carpetbaggers are entrenching underdevelopment


A comparative analysis of the Johannesburg, Cape Town, and Nelson Mandela Bay municipalities by Crispian Olver examines electoral, governance and socioeconomic data in relation to their performance.

He concludes that “ ... periods of political instability and factionalism have corresponded to decline in service delivery performance, citizen satisfaction, governance and financial sustainability”; and that “while city governance has economic effects, there are broader structural dynamics and demographic patterns which are beyond the control of cities”...

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