Guatemala recoiled in anger and shock Thursday at the deaths of 35 teenage girls in a fire at a government-run shelter where staff have been accused of sexual abuse and other mistreatment.
The toll had climbed steadily from 19 killed in the Wednesday blaze itself, as 16 more girls succumbed in hospital overnight and Thursday to their horrific burns.
Nineteen survivors remained hospitalised, most of them in critical condition, according to hospital officials.
All the victims were aged between 14 and 17.
They were all residents at the Virgin of the Assumption Safe Home for children just to the east of Guatemala City.
At the time of the tragedy, the decade-old facility, surrounded by a concrete wall and barbed wire, was hosting nearly 800 minors – double the number it was designed for.
An initial hypothesis by human rights prosecutors suggested teens in the centre started the blaze early Wednesday by setting fire to mattresses during a lockdown, ordered after a group of more than a dozen youths reportedly ran away on Tuesday.
An investigation is underway to determine the exact circumstances and attribute criminal responsibility.
President Jimmy Morales, after firing the shelter’s director, said Thursday that it was “truly sad and lamentable that dozens of girls and children could die in such a situation.”
His government has decreed three days of national mourning.
In a demonstration, activists left dolls on piles of charcoal in front of Morales’ presidential palace to decry alleged negligence by authorities.
Lucas Najera, a 76-year-old newspaper vendor and grandfather of a 14-year-old injured in the blaze, said: “They call it a ‘safe home’. But how is it safe?”
“How is it they didn’t realise in time to save them if the smoke was seen right away?” asked the uncle of one deceased 15-year-old at the capital’s morgue.
The man gave only his first name, Marvin. The charred remains of his niece were identified through a DNA sample.
Hilda Morales, a prosecutor defending children’s rights and who is not related to the president, called the fire a massacre.
The head of the social welfare ministry in charge of the shelter, Carlos Rodas, said he took responsibility for what happened, but denied any failure of duty.
“We can’t bring these lives back,” he said. “But we can look at the system and make it more transparent.”
President Morales said that before the fire, orders had been given to transfer some of the youths to other facilities because of the overcrowding.
Now, the centre’s future is uncertain. Following the fire, the hundreds of minors who had been kept there have been sent to other shelters in Guatemala. Some were provisionally handed over to families for care.
In recent years, complaints of abuse against the Virgin of the Assumption Safe Home have accumulated.
Angel Cardenas, a former employee, said he had registered his own alerts while working there.
On Wednesday, outside the facility, he said the place “was a ticking time bomb – this (tragedy) was to be expected.”
Rosa Aguirre, a 22-year-old street vendor who rushed from the capital to see if her two sisters, aged 13 and 15, and her 17-year-old brother were among the casualties, said she, too, had lodged complaints.
She said brawls often broke out inside, and her brother was sometimes put in a dark isolation cell nicknamed the “chicken coop”.
Dozens of children have run away from the home in the past year, reportedly to escape ill treatment.
Hilda Morales told reporters the centre’s future was in question. She noted that last year the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights had found in favour of several adolescents who had alleged mistreatment and sexual abuse in the shelter.
UNICEF, the UN children’s fund, issued a statement stressing Guatemala’s duty to investigate how and why the blaze started, and to compensate the victims.
Resources in Guatemala are generally inadequate for welfare cases. The country is the most populous of Central America, with 16 million inhabitants, more than half of whom live in poverty, according to the World Bank.